Ontario Genealogy - Brief History of Ontario

Ontario généalogie Brève histoire de l'Ontario.

Long before the arrival of the white man, Ontario was populated both by Algonquian (Ojibwa, Cree and Algonquin) in the western parts and Iroquoian (Iroquois and Huron) tribes more in the eastern side. The French explorer Étienne Brûlé travelled parts of the area in 1610-12. The British explorer Henry Hudson came into Hudson Bay by way of sailing ship in 1611 and claimed the area for Britain, but Samuel de Champlain got to Lake Huron in 1615, and Christian missionaries from France began to live along the Great Lakes.

The English established trading posts at Hudson Bay in the late seventeenth century and struggled for the ownership of Ontario. The 1763 the Treaty of Paris ended the 7 Year War by giving nearly all of France's North American belongings (New France) to England. The region was seized to Quebec in the year 1774. From 1783 to 1796, the U.K. allowed United Empire supporters leaving the USA following the American Revolution 200 acres (0.8 km²) of land and other things so they could rebuild their lives. This increased the population of Canada west of the St. Lawrence-Ottawa River confluence immensely during this period.